Located in the Eastern region of the country, the province of Holguín presents a territorial extension of nine thousand 300 square kilometers, with a population of million and a half of inhabitants and wide possibilities for the development of the tourism.
It is a prosperous commercial and transport center in a fertile region with a diversified agriculture. Call frequently "el granero de Cuba” (Cuba’s barn), Holguín is in a zone where are corns, beens, sugar, tobacco and cattle. Most of its exports are made through its port, Gibara. The city, founded on 1523, receives its name of García Holguín, a conqueror of Mexico in 16th century and was transferred towards its present location in 18th century.
In this province there is the 30 percent of the endemic species of the Cuban flora, together with more than thousand varieties of own animals of the island, in special birds and butterflies and the first presence of the man is from 10 thousand years ago. The Hills of Yaguajay extend in a ring and there are several archaeological places where the old discovered settlers lived in this region. Thirty and four rivers, six dams, as well as water jumps, among them the one of Guayabo, the greater one of Cuba, five archaeological areas of submarine landscapes, 135 arcchaelogical sites, about 60 kilometers of white sand beaches and the greater boundary of hunting of the country, with existence of buffalos, wild antelopes, deer and pigs, located in Saetía Key.
Thirteen cities of importance are located in the province, with Holguín city as the capital, where is the Archaeological Museum Chorro de Maita, with an ample variety of materials of the indigenous culture, elaborated in gold, shells, sílex and ceramics, with unique objects in the Antilles. The Provincial Museum of the city shows a worked stone axe as a unique piece and appraised relic, that constitutes at the present time the symbol of the province.
One of most famous beaches of the province, Guardalavaca, supply to the tourist a beauty coralline barrier, interesting cliffs and an special vegetation